Fix of the issue is now available in InDesign’s latest November’17 update.
Please upgrade to the latest version InDesign CC 13.0.1 for the fix.
If you are unable to see the update, go to Creative Cloud application and click on the context menu on the top right and click on Check for App Updates.
InDesign TeamReinhard Thomas commented
I can report the same issue with an older EPS file (that I cannot share with you unfortunately). It shows the same error message on multiple computers while InDesign CC 2017 doesn't have an issue with the file.