The fix for this issue is now available in the latest update (14.0.2) of InDesign 2019.
If you are unable to see the update notification, open the menu (three dots) from the top-right of Creative Cloud desktop application and click on ‘Check For App Updates’.
Once the update button is shown against InDesign, click on the button to update to Id 14.0.2.
If you face any problems with the new update, do let us know in the comments.
The list of fixed issues can be found at: helpx.adobe.com/indesign/kb/fixed-issues.html
InDesign TeamAnonymous commented
I have the same problem since I upgraded to CC 2019. I placed an Image, rotated the content (not the imagebox) 13 %, worked on the image in PSD, updated the picture in ID > Image rotation changed to 0 % AND position changed as well. It is totally annoying!