Fix for this issue is now available in the latest update of InDesign 2020 – that is, InDesign 15.1.2
In the Creative Cloud Desktop application, click on the Updates section on the left. You should be able to see the Update available for InDesign. Please update your InDesign application to this version to try out the fix.
Let us know in the comments section if you still face this problem.
Adobe InDesign Team
An error occurred while saving the commentQuentin Karmark commented
so far the most straightforward work-around is obviously saving the file to an alternate location on the hard drive and then manually overwriting using the finder...