This issue has been fixed in the latest release.
I did find a solution to the issue, as far as my problem was concerned. In Excel, under the formatting menu, any formatting that has an asterix (*) as a prefix, will use the Windows home location format as a default. Changing to a formatting without an * took care of 90% of the problem. The remainder, after placing it in InDesign, was taken care off with a Find/Change replacement. Not perfect, but it worked.Stefan commented
It has not been fixed in the InDesign CC 14.0.1 x64 that I am using. I believe that to be the latest version.
When placing a table from Excel (.xlsx) into a InDesign document, for me it changes the date format. Adobe support was connected to my PC for app. 1 hr, without being able to solve it.